Tuesday, March 18, 2014

Fashion Art: Part 4 (Inspiration)



·        Inspiration
Fashion Collages 
Fashion collages are a collection of images from books, magazines, photos, etc. that are gathered in a particular manner to form a layout.  Fashion collages can be used as inspiration to help in creating ideas for fashion designs or an entire fashion line.  You could also draw your sketches on the same paper as your collage.

o   Examples
               

      

Inspiration Boards (also called Mood Boards)
Inspiration boards/collages are a compilation of images posted on a flat surface (i.e., board, wall, paper, etc.) for the purpose of helping to inspire an artist or designer.  Most artists at one time or another experience creative block or artists block.  The inspiration boards can help spark the imagination of the artist & get their creative juices flowing again.  Making an inspiration board is just as important in the design process as the design itself.  Inspiration boards are a bit different than fashion collages.  While fashion collages are a collection of just fashion images, inspiration boards are a collection of several types of images not just central to fashion.  For instance, your inspiration board can be a destination, a type of food, or even a vehicle.

Below are a few examples of inspiration boards:

(L-R) Alice in Wonderland theme; Old Hollywood


(L-R) Industrial Zone; The Color Orange

                                                                                  
Notice the most common theme in all of the inspiration boards is a color chart that coordinates with the theme of the board.  It is not mandatory to do so, but it is a good idea. 


Below are a few examples of fashion collages in the form of a fashion design.  This could be another way of exploring your creativity:

                    

At the end of this course, you will have the opportunity to create your own inspiration board.












Tuesday, March 11, 2014

Fashion Art: Part 3 (Fashion Illustration)



·        Fashion Illustration
Fashion illustration is the art of creating fashion-oriented images via drawing, painting, and illustration.  Fashion illustrations can be seen in books, magazines, on clothing, billboards, or even as wall art/murals.  Your illustration should be expressive & communicate an image or idea.  You may even create a scenario with a background.

      o   Examples
L-R (Valeria Zaccheddu, Hayden Williams, Kalilah L.)
                                                          
                             
L-R (Autumn Whitehurst, Jason Brooks)

 
      o   Fabrics
A step-by-step drawing of fabrics:


Drapery  

            
                                            Sphere                               Cone
            The above shapes will be used in forming the drape folds. 
            Knowledge of basic shapes is all you need to learn how
            to draw the different folds.







Fur                                                              Leather
 



      Denim                                                              Lace





o   Accessories
When drawing accessories you may want to explore different patterns.  There are several variations to choose from.  You have the option of drawing your patterns in a precise manner or a more rough/stylized manner.  No matter which manner you choose, the purpose is to visibly convey the image.  When drawing your images or patterns in a precise manner it should look more realistic.  To make your patterns realistic-looking you have to understand shading & blending.  If you are using coloring mediums the same rules apply.  Refer to Part 1 to see the list of blending tools you’ll need for dry mediums (graphite & color).  For wet mediums, you just have to know the right amount of water to use when blending. 

 


When drawing your patterns in a more stylized manner, you can rough sketch.  The images don’t have to be too exact, but just enough for people to know what they are viewing.  Below are examples of some of your favorite accessories, some with patterns & some without.

Shoes:
There are various styles of shoes to consider when drawing them.  In the example below, you can see how the foot appears in a high-heel shoe.  The height of the heel is determined by the red arrow from the toe & these red arrows indicate the various heel heights.






                                          Shoe Styles & Their Basic Shapes
 

(L-R) Front views: Right foot; Pointy-toe pump; Thong sandal; Mid-top sneaker






 Snake skin boot (stylized) with an alternative                                      Stiletto pump (precise)
 snake-skin pattern.  You’ll notice the pattern                                    *Basic shapes:  triangles.
 is just a simple criss-cross with a design
resembling snake skin.
*Basic shapes: triangles & trapezoids


(L) Open-toe wedge hell (stylized) *Basic shapes: triangles  (R) Men's loafer (precise) *Basic shapes: rectangle, triangle, trapezoid

      


                                     Different sneaker styles & their basic shapes

                                                                                  *Basic Shape: triangles & rectangles





                      Hats:
 



 Handbags:
             

   Straw bag (stylized) with 2 alternative straw patterns:                                        Croc bag (precise)
     Crosshatching is the key to creating a straw pattern.                                    *Basic shape: trapezoid.
                 *Basic shape: inverted trapezoid.



Clutch bag (stylized) with 2 alternative sequin patterns:
The key to drawing sequin is shading & coloring.  Sparkle &
 shine must be illustrated.  To do this you must have 3
monochromatic shades: light, medium, dark with white.
 Crosshatches may also be added to indicate sparkle.
                                                                            *Basic shape: rectangle.


Jewelry: 
*Basics- You will need 3 shades when illustrating jewelry: light, medium, & dark.   vUsing 3 different shades will create dimension.  
 

                               Pearls                                                                  Gold/Metal


 
    

There are many colors of pearls and stones so you can use any color you'd like for this example. The same rules apply. In this tutorial, I just used a regular pencil. For metals, your choices are gold or silver. Within the gold category there is yellow gold, bronze, rose, or brass. Within the silver category there is silver, platinum, or white gold. To illustrate the gold metals use yellowish tones for yellow gold, brass & bronze and pinkish tones for rose gold. For the silver metals use grayish tones. In the above example is a yellow gold illustration using yellow (l), light brown (m), & dark brown (d). For silver metals use cool gray (l), gray (m), dark gray or black



  Stones/Diamonds




   Beauty/Make-Up 
   There are various types of beauty illustration.  In this lesson, the face (make-up), hands (nail art or   vvjewelry), and hair will be the focus.  

    Facial: There are many different facial shapes to consider in beauty illustration.  This is     important   when choosing the right shape for the image you want to convey.  The standard shape is an oval/ellipse.  I often use this shape in examples to simplify drawing the face however, not everyone’s face is shaped like an oval.  Below are some examples of the different facial shapes:


Oval-Shaped Face Features are equally rounded from the top of the head to the chin; No distinctive features (i.e., cheekbones & jaw line); Face is slightly longer than wide.
Circular Face This facial shape is fuller & wider than the other shapes; No prominent jaw line; Round hairline.
Triangular Face Jaw line is wider; Face tapers from jaw line to forehead.
Square-Shaped Face The sides of the face are straighter (forehead, cheekbones, & jaw are aligned); Face is long as it is wide.
Rectangular-Shaped Face Face is slightly oblong; Jaw line & hair line are square.
Diamond-Shaped Face High, prominent cheekbones; Chin is pointed; Forehead & jaw line are tapered.
Inverted Triangular-Shaped Face is slightly longer than it is wide; Forehead is wider; Chin is pointed; Jaw is narrow.
Heart-Shaped Face This facial shape is the same as the inverted triangular-shape, but the hairline has a widow’s peak.


   

Below are a two beauty illustrations to examine:

(L) Beauty illustration from MAC cosmetics. These templates are used as the standard for fashion shows to create a specific look for the runway models. (R) This illustration showcases hair, make-up & nails.



This tutorial will focus on drawing a beauty illustration of the face in 3 views:

Front



   


A.      Start with drawing an oval/ellipse.  Draw two lines (vertical & horizontal) in the center. 
B.      Next, draw a square in the center.  Our model will have a square-shaped face.
C.      Begin sculpting the face within the oval; erase the excess.
D.     Begin outlining the facial features.  You can be as creative as you’d like keeping in mind the guidelines on the face. 
E.      Erase the guidelines except for the one indicating the hairline. Draw the neck. 
F.       Now begin shading and blending the face & neck.  Create a glamorous look.  You can make the hair in any style you wish, but the main focus is the face.  You have the option of adding earrings if you’d like.




¾ View


                    


A.     Draw a circle.  Draw two lines (vertical & horizontal) in the center.  Notice the two red dotted lines.  These lines determine where the end points for the angle of the face will be.  The dotted lines are about a third of the way down from the horizontal line on the lower left & half way between the angle on the lower right. 
B.      Next, draw the angle starting at the dotted lines in the previous step.  Starting from the top vertical line, draw a curved line ending at the angle you’ve just drawn.  This is the front of the face.
C.      Begin outlining the shape of the face (You have the option of erasing the vertical line).
*Follow steps D-F from the previous tutorial*


 
Side 
 
A.     Start with drawing a circle.  Draw two lines (vertical & horizontal) in the center of the circle
B.      Next, draw a 90° angle at the lower left corner of the circle. 
C.      Begin outlining the shape of the face.
*Follow steps D-F from the previous tutorial*



    Hair:  Drawing hair is not difficult.  The key to drawing it is to study the many colors & textures   vvof hair.  There are various shades to choose from within the standard blond, brunette, & red colors.  vvThere are many different textures from straight to curly & coiled to kinky.  The list goes on.  

 vvBelow are 3 tutorials on how to draw different hairstyles, textures, & colors using 3 different vvmedium. When drawing hair, you will need 3 different shades: light, medium, and dark.  Using 3 shades will add dimension. 


Redhead (Watercolor Pencils) 
Colors used: orange (light), red-orange (medium), and red (dark). 
*You have the option of using burgundy as your dark color



     


A.     Start by outlining a model’s head with a hairstyle of your choice or you can draw the model in this example. 

B.      Use your light color and lightly fill in the hair strands.

C.      Next, use your medium color to fill in hair strands.

D.     Finally, use your darkest color.

E.      You have the option of this being your last step or you can use a paintbrush with a little water to blend the colors even more.




Blonde (Pastels)
Colors used: yellow (light), tan brown (medium/dark).



A.     Start by outlining a model’s head with a hairstyle of your choice or you can draw the model in this example. 
B.      Fill in hair strands with the light shade. 
C.      Next, use your medium/dark shade in the areas indicated in the example.
D.     Begin blending.  Because this is a dry medium, use a blending stump or tortillion.  Use your kneaded eraser to lift color, adding highlights.  You may also use a white pastel to add highlight.



Brunette (Color Pencils) 
Colors used: light brown (light), brown (medium), and black (dark).




A.     Start by outlining a model’s head with a hairstyle of your choice or you can draw the model in this example. 
B.      Begin drawing squiggly lines as shown in the demonstration to the far right with your light shade. 
C.      Follow the same step as above with your medium shade.
D.     Use your darkest shade to create more squiggly lines.
E.      Finish it off with blending the color together.  I used a colorless blending pencil (this can be purchased at any arts & craft store).  You can also add a few highlights using a white pastel.




 


vvHands:  Hand modeling is quite popular.  Primarily women hold this position so when drawing    vvhands, they should be “dainty” and graceful.  Hands can be drawn to display jewelry or even nail vvart.The hands can be pretty challenging to draw, but it is achievable.  Just remember the basic vvshapes. Below are some hand poses for you to examine: 




  Types of Fashion Illustrators
  There are 3 types of fashion illustrators- The Sensualist, The Gamines & Sophisticates, and the xTechnocrats:

The Sensualists are more fervent in their artistry and uses traditional mediums such as stencils, paints, ink, textures, etc. 
 
Illustration by Ruben Toledo
                                                                 

.          The Gamines & Sophisticates are more playful and whimsical in their style of illustration.

Illustration by Bella Pilar
                                                                                                            


                                               
                            



















The Technocrats usually convert their drawings to digital images via CAD (computer-aided design).
Illustration by Kun-Sung Chung
                                                                                                     



You have completed the fashion illustration portion of this course.  There were a lot of valuable lessons & tutorials in this segment.  Not only did you learn about fashion illustration, but also beauty & makeup, fabrics, and hair.  In the next lesson, we will cover fashion collages & inspiration boards.