Tuesday, February 25, 2014

Fashion Art: Part 2 (Flat Drawings)

·        Flat Drawings        
Flat drawings are drawings that provide a foundation for specification sheets.  Specification sheets provide specific details needed to ensure correct measurements & other details to implement the production of your garment’s pattern in order to accurately fabricate your designs. When drawing your flats you may want to use a silhouette of a fashion figure or croquis as your guide to outline. 

Below are a few examples of flat drawings:
  • Examples

    Flats w/ Fashion Sketch & Swatch              Rendered Flat                       

  • Template for Measurements
        Shirt, Dress, & Skirt Measurements                            Pant Measurements

1.      Neck/Collar           2.   Shoulder                3.   Front Bodice (W)
4.   Bust                       5.   Waist                     6.   Hips
7.   Sleeve (W)            8.   Front Waist (L)      9.   Shoulder to Bust
10. Front Skirt (L)      11. Back Waist (L)       12. Back Skirt (L)
13. Sleeve (L)             14. Pants (L)                15. Crotch Depth
16. Crotch Seam

(L)- Length
(W)- Width

  • Guidelines for Proportions 
         Dresses & Skirts

                                             Tapered                                      Flared

         Tops &Pants

  • Anatomy of Design 


        Single Breasted                                          Double Breasted



         Welt Pocket                     Patch Pocket                 In-Seam Pocket               Front Pocket

       Flat Samples w/ Basic Shapes

Below is a burgundy crewneck sweater with front detail.  Follow the instructions on how to create a flat drawing from an actual design.  Although in the actual design process the flat comes first, this is a good way to get practice.  Using basic shapes as a guideline is a good way to draw your flats more precisely.

A.      Begin by drawing an oval shape & draw a horizontal line through the center.  Draw a curve at the line above the bottom portion of the oval (this is the back collar).
B.      Erase the excess areas around the collar you’ve drawn.  Next, draw the basic structure of the sweater bodice using rectangles.
C.      Add the sleeves.  The sleeves resemble oblong rectangles.
D.     Begin tailoring the sweater using the basic outline you’ve drawn as a guide. 
E.      Erase the guidelines, as well as the outline and draw borders around the collar, sleeves, & bottom of shirt.
F.       Start drawing the ridges on the borders you’ve drawn.  Draw in the front seams.
G.     Continue drawing in the remaining details of the sweater.  Be as precise as possible. Your flat drawings are the blueprint to your design. This will be a guide for the specification sheet.

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