Thursday, August 29, 2013

Drawing The Human Figure (Lesson 1/The Basics)

    Introduction (The Basics)
The purpose of this art lesson is to teach you how to draw the human body.  The rules for drawing the human body (or human figure) are pretty much the same as the human face.  In order to make the human form look realistic, you have to learn the elements of shading and basic shapes.  Refer to the first lesson for the human face & review it before proceeding:

Arm & leg angles using 3D Shapes

 The above examples seem simple enough.  Drawing the body and any other objects are just as simple.  All you need is basic knowledge of shading, shapes, patience, & determination!  

The image below is a sketch of the human form drawn as a stick figure with basic shapes.   If you can draw a stick figure, you can draw the human form.  As you can see, the joints are represented as circles or spheres.        


The sketches below are stick figures that anyone can draw posing in different positions.  You can use the same format in drawing the human body.
As you develop your skills in drawing the human form using basic shapes, you can gradually begin developing your skills in drawing it in 3D.  This is necessary if you want your drawings to look lifelike.

·        Materials
o   Drawing paper with a smooth surface 
o   #2 Pencil & Mechanical Pencil  
o   Tortillions and/or Blending Stumps (you can also use tissue & q-tips as well for blending) 
o   Block Eraser 
o   Kneaded Eraser 
o   Fixative Spray or Aqua Net Hairspray (cheaper) 
o   Ruler 
o   Art Case/Box 
o   Manikin (optional)

v        Key Points to Remember
-Blending is the key to making realistic looking art.

-Although 5 shades are used in the grayscale, you have the choice to use more.

-There are 5 important elements of shading: cast shadow, shadow edge, halftone, reflected light, & full light.

-When drawing the body, simplify it by associating it with simple shapes (basic & 3D).
-Have patience.

-Don’t be hard on yourself & have fun!!

-Keep practicing! 

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