Thursday, August 29, 2013

Drawing The Human Figure (Lesson 2/Body Shapes & Types)



·        The Human Figure
The purpose of this art lesson is to teach you how to draw the human figure.  Drawing the human figure, or the human form, is not as difficult as you may think.  Although there are many different elements of the human figure, drawing it is very doable.  If you can draw a stick figure and basic shapes you CAN draw.  It’s just that simple.  In order to make the human figure look realistic, you have to learn the elements of shading and basic shapes.

 Shapes & Sizes 
There are many different body types & shapes.  There is no quintessential body type.  Everyone has their own unique shape.  Body types & shapes are based on various factors such as heredity and size.  Below are examples of the different body types and shapes:

Body Types
  Ectomorph               Mesomorph                 Endomorph


Ectomorph (Slim) Typically skinny with lean muscle and narrow shoulders.
Mesomorph (Medium Build) More muscular and athletic.
Endomorph (Heavy) Typically heavier or what some may call “full-figured.”




Body Shapes 
To draw any image you have to consider that image in terms of shapes.  There are various body shapes to consider.  These shapes mainly apply to the female figure because of their curvature.  The most prominent shapes are shown below:
 
Hourglass: Broad hips & shoulders with a smaller waistline.
Round: Fuller figure; full hips, bust, & waistline.
Rectangle: Narrow hips and shoulders; waistline is not defined (boy-shaped)
Triangle:  Narrow shoulders; wider hips.
Inverted Triangle: Broad shoulders; narrow hips.



v Key Points to Remember
-There are various shapes & sizes of the human figure to consider.

-There are 3 different body types: endomorph, mesomorph, and ectomorph.

-There are 5 primary body shapes (hourglass, round, rectangle, inverted triangle, & triangle) that mainly apply to women.

-Have patience

-Don’t be hard on yourself & have fun!!

-Keep practicing!   

Drawing The Human Figure (Lesson 1/The Basics)


    Introduction (The Basics)
The purpose of this art lesson is to teach you how to draw the human body.  The rules for drawing the human body (or human figure) are pretty much the same as the human face.  In order to make the human form look realistic, you have to learn the elements of shading and basic shapes.  Refer to the first lesson for the human face & review it before proceeding:
http://theperplexedartist.blogspot.com/2013/05/drawing-human-face-lesson-1.html




Arm & leg angles using 3D Shapes


 The above examples seem simple enough.  Drawing the body and any other objects are just as simple.  All you need is basic knowledge of shading, shapes, patience, & determination!  


The image below is a sketch of the human form drawn as a stick figure with basic shapes.   If you can draw a stick figure, you can draw the human form.  As you can see, the joints are represented as circles or spheres.        

 


The sketches below are stick figures that anyone can draw posing in different positions.  You can use the same format in drawing the human body.
 
As you develop your skills in drawing the human form using basic shapes, you can gradually begin developing your skills in drawing it in 3D.  This is necessary if you want your drawings to look lifelike.


·        Materials
o   Drawing paper with a smooth surface 
o   #2 Pencil & Mechanical Pencil  
o   Tortillions and/or Blending Stumps (you can also use tissue & q-tips as well for blending) 
o   Block Eraser 
o   Kneaded Eraser 
o   Fixative Spray or Aqua Net Hairspray (cheaper) 
o   Ruler 
o   Art Case/Box 
o   Manikin (optional)

v        Key Points to Remember
-Blending is the key to making realistic looking art.

-Although 5 shades are used in the grayscale, you have the choice to use more.

-There are 5 important elements of shading: cast shadow, shadow edge, halftone, reflected light, & full light.

-When drawing the body, simplify it by associating it with simple shapes (basic & 3D).
 
-Have patience.

-Don’t be hard on yourself & have fun!!

-Keep practicing!